A lot of studies have been conducted to study the air purification capacities of indoor plants and it has been verified that indoor plants indeed do help in eliminating carbon dioxide, ozone and volatile organic compounds (including benzene and formaldehyde).
Indoor plants remove pollutants from the air by absorbing these gases through their leaves and roots. The micro-organisms that live in the soil of potted plants also play an instrumental role in neutralizing VOCs and other pollutants.An indoor plant's ability to remove these harmful compounds from the air is an example of phytoremediation, which is the use of any plant (indoors or outside) to mitigate pollution in air, soil or water. However, it should not be mistaken that a plant by itself can resolve the indoor air quality problems of cities in India. Plants CANNOT remove the very high levels of PM2.5 in our air and mechanical filters with HEPA are required to do this.
After a lot of research, three plant species have been identified by us to help mitigate indoor pollution to a large extent. The three plant species identified are:
Snake plant or sansevieria – this is a bedroom plant as it is one of the only known indoor plants to release oxygen during the night.
Money plant – this is a great plant to for removing VOC’s, specially formaldehyde.
Areca palm – this is a day plant for the living spaces as these release oxygen during the day.
Every single plant / leaf in a space helps in reducing CO2 and other gases. The more the merrier. Hence, put as many as you can accommodate happily.
The indoor plants that we sell do not require much maintenance as such. The surface of the leaves need to be wiped clean every 2 days or so such that they can effectively remove the harmful pollutants from indoors. With the special mix of potting mixture, some of the plants we sell need to be watered only once in 3-4 weeks and taken outdoors for a couple of hours.
Indoor plants remove pollutants from the air by absorbing these gases through their leaves (stomata) and roots. The surface of the leaves therefore need to be wiped clean every 2 days or so such that they can effectively remove the harmful pollutants from indoors.
With the special potting mixture, the plants need to be watered only once in 3-4 weeks and taken outdoors for a couple of days in 4-6 weeks. With the vermicompost (soil), they should be watered once in a few days. The goal is to keep the soil / mixture wet. But NOT drenched. Over watering the plants can lead to root decay and possibly attract mosquitoes.
The sansevieria (mother-in-laws tongue) is a plant that cats like to nibble at and mostly fall sick after eating them. These plants should be kept away from pets or not kept in the house at all if the pets can’t be kept away.
These air purifiers can be very useful in homes with pets as pet hair and dander are sometimes causes of concern or allergies. These air purifiers will take care of this as well.
Indoor plants are known to remove carbon dioxide and other harmful toxic air pollutants such as benzene, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide, etc. The leaves of the indoor plants need to be cleaned to improve their toxin-absorbing and oxygen-releasing efficiency. However, they are not sufficient to remove the high levels of PM2.5 from the air.
Ideally, 6-8 indoor plants (areca palm and money plant) per person for day time in living space and 6-8 snake plants per person for night time in a bedroom would be required to remove the toxics and other harmful gases from the confined space. However, due to space restrictions, it is always a challenge to place a sizeable number of indoor plants that can be aesthetically placed in a confined space. We recommend that one puts as many plants as you can be comfortable with.